Cognitive Psychology

Sleep, Stages Of Sleep, Characteristics And Disorders(Problems)

WHAT IS SLEEP? Sleep is a state of unconsciousness in which the mind and brain apparently turn off the functions that create an experience. During sleep, we become less aware of our surroundings. Sleep also inhibited sensory activity and inhibition of nearly all voluntary muscles during REM ( rapid eye movement ) and reduced muscle …

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Critical thinking definition – psychologyalltopics

  Critical means “ involving or exercising skilled judgment or observation.” In this sense, critical thinking means thinking clearly and intelligently. Critical thinking definition Robert Ennis – Critical thinking is reasonable, reflective thinking that is aimed at deciding what to believe or what to do. Critical thinking is the general term given to a wide …

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Biological Clock Sleep or Circadian Rhythm with examples

Biological Clock Sleep or Circadian Rhythm is an important role in daily life. The circadian or circadian rhythm, also known as the “biological clock”. Biological clocks are internal timing devices that are genetically set to regulate various physiological responses for different periods of time.           A CIRCADIAN  RHYTHM   Circadian rhythm refers to a  biological clock that …

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overconfidence definition and example

Overconfidence: Definition, Examples, and Study

Confirmation bias is only one bias that can lead us to draw misleading conclusions. Two others are hindsight bias and overconfidence.  Overconfidence Definition psychology  Related to hindsight bias is overconfidence: our tendency to overestimate our ability to make correct predictions. Across a wide variety of tasks, most of us are more confident in our predictive …

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Hindsight Bias: Definition and Examples

What is hindsight bias? Hindsight bias The tendency to think, after something has occurred, that we knew the outcome beforehand.OR hindsight bias tendency to overestimate how well we could have successfully forecasted known outcomes. Hindsight bias definition  Hindsight bias, the tendency to mold our recollection of the past to fit how events later turned out. …

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The Fallacy of Positive Instances vs The Overestimation Effect

What is the fallacy of positive instances and examples?  The fallacy of positive instances is the tendency to remember uncommon events that seem to confirm our beliefs and to forget events that disconfirm our beliefs. Often, the occurrence is really nothing more than coincidence.  The fallacy of positive instances psychology example For example, you find …

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Belief-Bias vs Confirmation bias

Belief-bias and Confirmation bias are both terms related to cognitive psychology. We will explain in very detail with example. What is Confirmation bias in psychology? Confirmation bias describes the tendency to search for information that supports one’s initial view. When people have expectations about a particular person, they address few questions to that person and …

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Mnemonic and Mnemonic devices

Mnemonic meaning  If you want to increase your chances of remembering (and especially recalling) information, you can make use of several techniques, collectively called mnemonics. Mnemonic Devices Mnemonic devices are specific techniques to help you memorize lists of words (Best, 2003). Essentially, such devices add meaning to otherwise meaningless or arbitrary lists of items. For …

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